How the results of the neuropsychological evaluation are utilized often depends on the reason for the evaluation. In general, the neuropsychological evaluation should be undertaken to assist in understanding and further clarifying an individual’s strengths and weaknesses in specific areas of neurocognitive and/or neurobehavioral functioning.
When we find that neurocognitive and/or neurobehavioral problems are very mild, difficult to describe and not readily obvious, a neuropsychological evaluation may be the only way to fully detect changes that have been experienced by the individual. This information often assists in helping to make a differential diagnosis. This is accomplished by helping to differentiate among potential contributing factors that may be associated with the changes in neurocognitive or neurobehavioral functioning. When there is an acquired brain injury the information obtained through the neuropsychological evaluation is then used in conjunction with the results of other tests, such as brain imaging and blood tests that may be completed by the family physician or neurologist.
The information obtained from the neuropsychological evaluation assists in helping to clarify and/or confirm a diagnosis. By profiling the individual’s strengths and weaknesses, the neuropsychological evaluation acts as a guide for the development of a treatment plan. Rehabilitation may be focused on any of a number of areas of concern that may be present. Depending upon the nature of the difficulties that are experienced by the individual, adjustment issues may develop within their social and/or emotional environment, as well as within their educational or work related setting.
Additionally, the neuropsychological evaluation will assist in documenting changes in functioning as a result of planned interventions and treatment. Thus, the evaluation is supportive in clarifying what compensatory strategies may be of assistance to the individual.